Presented by ELDFacts.com
Following the Dec. 18, 2017 mandate and hard Apr. 1, 2018 enforcement date, requiring all non-exempt U.S. drivers to install an electronic logging device in their trucks, we are still seeing changes to regulations as we prepare for the Grandfather Clause extension deadline. This page, presented by ELDFacts.com, is your one-stop-shop for everything you need to know to be compliant with both U.S. and Canada.
- ELD Exemption Revisions
- Personal Conveyance and Agricultural Hauler Regulation Updates
- Benefits of ELDs for Truckers
- Quick facts on ELDs
Many exemptions for ELDs have been filed in recent months and several programs including the FMCSA, National Tank Truck Carriers (NTTC), Trucking Association of Massachusetts (TAM), and individual states have issued changes to a few:
- Tennessee Governor Bill Haslam passed a bill on Apr. 18, 2018 to not use enforcement funds for some agriculture haulers on ELD.
- Idaho requested a permanent exemption for livestock haulers in Feb., 2018
- On Apr. 9, 2018, hazmat tank haulers received a five-year exemption from the 30-minute rest break requirement for trucks hauling petroleum products
- On Apr. 19, 2018, the 90-day short-term rental exemption came to an end. As of now, it is an eight-day maximum short-term rental for not requiring ELDs
For more information visit eldfacts.com/post-eld-enforcement-date-regulatory-update/
The FMCSA issued several changes to their initial guidance regulations concerning personal conveyance and the agricultural commodity exception.
1) Personal conveyance modifications
Drivers of laden, or heavily loaded, commercial motor vehicles (CMV) are allowed to operate in off-duty status for personal conveyance. If a driver is relieved from duty and in off-duty status, the personal conveyance requirements still apply within the ELD.
Personal conveyance can be used for:
- Short commutes including hotel, truck stop, restaurants, etc.
- Commuting between personal residence and carrier facilities, drop lots, terminals, etc.
- After loading or unloading, to the first reasonably available location to rest
- Moving a vehicle under the request of a safety official during off-duty time
- Traveling in a motor coach with no passengers to lodging, motel, or truck stop. Other off-duty drivers may be in the vehicle
- Transporting personal property
Personal conveyance cannot be used for:
- Advancing the load and bypass available resting locations when need to get closer to the next location that is required by the load, meaning loading, unloading, or any scheduled carrier destination
- Delivering a towed unit that no longer qualifies as a CMV then returning to point of origin to get next load
- Continuing an interstate commerce business trip, inclusive of a bobtail or empty trailer, to receive another load or reposition at direction of carrier
- Driving a motor coach with passengers on board or delivering luggage to passengers
- Any time spent moving CMV to have vehicle maintenance performed
- Time spent driving to a location to rest after being put out of service for exceeding the maximum periods defined in 395.
- Time spent traveling to the carrier terminal after loading or unloading from shipper or receiver
2) Agricultural hauling exemption updates
There have also been several changes to the agricultural commodity exception with regard to drivers’ Hours of Service (HOS). These changes include:
- An ELD is not required if the vehicle is within a 150-mile radius of the beginning of the load (farm or ranch)
- The agricultural exemption can be used for picking up or delivering products within the first 150 air-miles of the loading location
- If you are driving beyond that, the 150 air-mile radius exemption can apply. The exemption applies to the first 150 air-mile radius, and then FMCSA regulations apply to the remainder of the trip until the CMV returns within a 150 air-mile radius from the loading location. The FMCSA regulations do not apply to the CMV upon returning inside the 150 mile radius
- The 150 air-mile radius is the commodity’s first trip from source, which is the location where the commodity is loaded, to delivery of all products
- If there is a new trip with a new source, that will be the determination of the 150 air-mile for that trip
- If a driver loads a commodity at a source and loads an additional commodity on their route, the 150 air-mile radius is determined at the initial loading location
1) An ELD leads to more miles on the road, which, in turn, leads to more money
The FMCSA estimates drivers spend over 20 hours a year filling out paper driver logs and sending those HOS files to their respective carriers.
ELDs, however, help truck drivers:
- Reduce HOS paperwork time by 15 minutes a day
- Add another 5 – 10 hours a week of drive time by rounding to the nearest minute for stops (unlike paper logbooks, which require drivers to round up to the nearest 15 minutes)
- Reduce time spent on tedious check-calls and sending hours to dispatch. And, logging miles during those recovered drivable hours can lead to noticeably larger paychecks.
2) ELDs get drivers back on the road faster with expedited inspections
Results are clear for an officer to see, meaning that truck drivers can zip right through those inspections, getting back on the road fast. Drivers will also no longer have to comb through handwritten paper driver logs trying to find errors or HOS violations.
3) ELDs reduce burdensome paperwork headaches
Truck drivers don’t choose the open road because they love filling out paperwork, so when it comes to cutting paperwork, ELDs can be a driver’s best friend. ELDs automate the HOS compliance process. Just log into the ELD and get rolling. No more paper driver logs or trip sheets to painfully record at each state line crossing, which means drivers gain more time doing the thing they want to do – drive.
4) ELDs eliminate easy form and manner errors that can be troublesome and expensive
Nobody’s perfect – and paper driver logs are the perfect place to see our imperfection in action. It’s just too easy to draw a line too long, record the wrong time, or enter an incorrect location. Unfortunately, those mistakes can add up. The result: rising CSA scores and fines. (Now, that’s certainly nothing to laugh at.)
Since HOS logs, DVIRs, and IFTA fuel tax reporting are automated by ELDs, proper use ensures driver paperwork will be free of form and manner errors, hours will be correctly totaled, and driver logs will always be signed. That means fewer of those pesky home-office calls, demanding information the driver may no longer have or remember.
5) ELDs issue warnings when time is tight
That’s right – an ELD will audibly warn truck drivers when time-sensitive events draw near, helping them remain HOS compliant.
So, before earning a violation for missing a required 30-minute break, or running out of driving hours for an 11-hour day, the ELD issues an audible alert – notifications that remind drivers when it’s time to pull over…while there’s still time to pull over somewhere safe.
For more visit http://eldfacts.com/elds-for-truckers/
- With no upfront hardware cost, Omnitracs offers ELDs starting at $23/month
- To discuss which ELD solution is right for you, contact Omnitracs.
As the Canadian ELD Mandate gets closer, the Canadian Council of Motor Transport Administrators (CCMTA) is working to finalize the rules and regulations. Find out what the Canadian mandate is, what it means for you, and how it compares to the U.S. mandate.
Similar to that adopted by the U.S., the Canadian ELD Mandate will require all non-exempt Canadian drivers to install an ELD in their trucks. Other than increasing safety and accountability in the trucking industry, this mandate will ensure cross-border consistency by adopting a substantial amount of the U.S. regulations. Essentially, once this mandate is passed, Canadian fleets will be able to operate across all of North America without complying with different regulations.
The Canadian mandate will:
- Prevent errors, logbook tampering, and driver harassment by automating processes
- Adopt most U.S. provisions
- Change how drive time is recorded and reported, not HOS regulations
- Require replacing paper logs with regulation-compliant devices, which connect directly to engine’s ECM
- Require existing “e-logging” devices including AOBRDs, and EOBRDs to be updated or replaced
While the Canadian mandate is still in its developmental stage, once published, the CCMTA will have a period for review and feedback. Below are indications of when the mandate will be published. There are currently no dates for compliance deadlines.
- The Industry Stakeholder Comments were due in Sept., 2016
- Additional Stakeholder Comments were requested in Apr. 2017
- The Public Comment Period (Gazette I) was in Q2 of 2017
- The Tentative Publish Target (Gazette II) was in Q4 of 2017
- The Compliance Date (Based on U.S.) is aimed for Q4 of 2019
- The Grandfather Clause (Based on U.S.) is estimated to end in Q4 of 2021
For more information, visit https://eldfacts.com/get-the-facts-the-canadian-eld-mandate/
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